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What You Need To Know About Nursing Home Falls


Serious falls can happen to anyone. But older people are especially at risk for these injuries. Each year, hospital emergency rooms treat over 1.8 million fall victims over 65. The outlook worsens by year. Among folks over 85, falls are by far the leading cause of injury-related death.

Many of these incidents occur in nursing homes, and it is easy to see why. The over-65 population is expanding rapidly. As a result, many of these facilities are almost constantly under construction. There are floor hazards everywhere in these areas.

Moreover, many nursing home patients suffer from dementia or other conditions. So, they sometimes wander aimlessly. They may not see or understand signs like “Danger” or “Under Construction.”

An attorney can usually win substantial compensation for fall victims. But the insurance company does not simply give this money away.

Establishing Liability in Florida Nursing Home Fall Cases

Nursing home residents are invitees. They responded to the owner’s express or implied invitation, and they confer an economic benefit on the owner.

In these situations, owners have a duty of reasonable care under Florida law. That duty is essentially twofold. First, owners must ensure that the premises are reasonably safe for all invitees. Second, the owner must frequently inspect the property to ensure that these standards are being maintained.

In addition to invitees, Florida law recognizes two additional categories of fall victims. They are:

  • Licensees (permission to be on the property but no benefit), and
  • Trespassers (no permission and no benefit).

Generally, if the victim was a licensee, the owner simply has a duty to warn about latent (hidden) defects. Latent defects include things like burned-out lightbulbs and loose stairway rails; licensees are usually people like guests of apartment tenants.

With a few exceptions, owners usually owe no duty to trespassers. Stories of injured burglars who sue homeowners are basically urban legends.

Insurance Company Defenses in Fall Cases

Lack of knowledge is one of the most frequent defenses. If the owner did not know about the defect, there is no liability.

Sometimes, there is direct evidence of actual knowledge. But usually, victims must use circumstantial evidence of constructive knowledge (should have known).

Most Florida courts use the time-notice rule in these cases. The longer a hazard exists, the more likely constructive knowledge becomes. One court used a banana peel as an example. If the peel was yellow, there is no constructive knowledge. But if the peel is black and looks like it had been walked over, constructive knowledge usually attaches.

Other insurance companies try to use the open-and-obvious defense. They argue that the victims must have seen the hazards, so no there is no liability.

The case law in support of this defense is rather fluid. Furthermore, as mentioned earlier, older people do not always readily see and properly interpret danger signs. According to the eggshell skull rule, landowners must take reasonable care to protect all invitees, regardless of their mental or physical abilities.

Contact Aggressive Attorneys

When older people fall in nursing homes, the facility is usually responsible for damages. For a free consultation with an experienced personal injury lawyer in Brandon, contact Reed & Reed. We have four area offices (St. Petersburg, Lakeland, Tampa, and Clearwater).


Brandon Personal Injury
Reed & Reed, Attorneys at Law, is located in Brandon, FL and serves clients in
and around Brandon, Tampa, Apollo Beach, Sydney, Gibsonton, Balm, Valrico, Wimauma, Sun City Center, Lithia, Ruskin, Durant, and Hillsborough County.

Our Locations


101 East Lumsden Road
Brandon, FL 33511
Tel: 813-438-5960
Fax: 813-438-5995

St. Petersburg

1700 66th Street North, Ste. 104-1008
St. Petersburg, FL 33710
Tel: 727-362-7520
Fax: 727-362-7521


248 N Kentucky Avenue #72
Lakeland, FL 33801
Tel: 863-274-7715
Fax: 863-274-7716


401 E Jackson Street, Ste. 2340
Tampa, FL 33602
Tel: 813-440-6678
Fax: 813-440-6682


13575 58th Street N, Ste. 200
Clearwater, FL 33760
Tel: 727-767-9914
Fax: 727-767-9915


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